What is lime scale?
When a large amount of line is present in water it is referred to as hard water.
Lime particles are very small and invisible to the naked eye. When heating and drying hard water, calcium and magnesium carbonate (limescale) deposits on surfaces and becomes visible.
Where does calcium occur?
Inadequate flow rates, high temperatures, degrees of hardness or strong contamination can cause deposits to affect the proper functioning of, cooling & heating elements, boilers, metering pumps, valves, sensors and nebulizers. Lime from rinsing adheres to enamel, tiles, glass, chrome, stainless steel and ceramic surfaces.
Limescale insulation "isolates" which means that more and more energy is needed and equipment can become overloaded. Together with iron deposits, lime forms a dirt that is extremely difficult to remove. Heavy scale deposits on sanitary facilities are a breeding ground for bacteria.
The removal of limescale has an aesthetic purpose. Lime deposits make surfaces dull and ugly. Heavy lime and rust deposits on plumbing leaves an impoverished impression.
Equipment with limescale gives much less efficiency. Calcium deposition can shorten the life span of apparatus drastically. Scouring away limescale is time-consuming, expensive and bad for the environment. Descaling prevents expensive repairs.
Scale is mainly found in places where water flows regularly. It is rough and forms a porous surface that quickly produces a biofilm of bacteria and fungi. Limescale also has a big influence on hygiene.
Conventional toilet cleaners consist of aggressive acids which cause damage to people and materials during repeated use. Safe alternatives are bio-decalcifiers such as lactic acid and citric acid.
Stainless steel, lead, copper and galvanized pipes can be damaged in the event of a in appropriate descaling process.